Do Mushrooms Have Roots?

Does A Mushroom have a Root System?

The Mushrooms have roots, but not the type of roots you are thinking about. If you think that the mushrooms have roots just like plants, that is not the case.

In fact, the mushrooms have a different root system than the plant’s system. The root system of mushrooms is known as Mycelium. Mycelium is the primary part of a fungus.

At first, mushrooms were put in the plant kingdom, but as science and technology developed with time, a new kingdom was created to put all the fungi in it.

Almost all the fungi have the Mycelium root system in them. That is why they are classified as a different kingdom. Mycelium consists of many thread-like structures known as Hyphae.

Mycelium, in simpler words, is the cluster of hyphae. Mycelium is responsible for the decaying of many plant materials. Without them, the decaying process will halt, resulting in a major catastrophe.

The plural of Mycelium is Mycelia. So, Mycelia play a pretty important role in the health of the soil as well because once the material decays, it gets mixed with the soil, thus improving its fertility.

Another job of Mycelia is that they reproduce on natural matters and expand their colonies. A mycelium is asexual until it meets another mycelium to reproduce.

The reproduction results in the birth of mushrooms. Basically, sporulation is how they expand their colonies. Many spores take flights and land in different locations. Those spores later sprout, and fungi are born there.

Mycelium spores germinate by absorbing essential minerals from the environment. The sporulation of mycelia is rapid, and they expand their colonies quickly.

So, keeping all these things in mind, you ask once again, “Do mushrooms have roots?” No! Mushrooms do not have roots but a completely different root system.

What is the Underground of a Mushroom called?

The underground part of mushrooms is Mycelium. Mycelium grows under the mushrooms and is the root system of not only mushrooms but almost all other fungi.

You know that mycelium has many functions, like being responsible for the decay of plant materials, sporulation, and others. But did you know that mycelium is often referred to as the material of the future?

Journal of Unsolved Questions seemed to think so with their research. In which they said that the mushrooms or other fungi we see on the surface are just the tips of the iceberg.

The real network lies under the ground where they could have a network of thousands of kilometers. Yes! You can imagine the difference between the size of a mushroom and the actual network of mycelia/mycelium.

Furthermore, they referred to mycelium/mycelia as the solution to the oil and petroleum-based materials like cars, electricity, and many other things. Mycelia perform one of the most important jobs in the world, decaying the plant material.

Mycelia are sustainable, bio-degradable, and fire-proof. There are many other qualities that make mycelia the potential savior of our planet from the threat of climate change/global warming.

Now, wait just a minute, and ask, is it the only reason that this research is referring to mycelia as the planet’s savior? No, that is not it. Mycelium is being used to make clothes and other products (or at least, companies are planning on doing so).

Every year, hundreds of thousands of kilograms of mycelium are being used in daily products, a company claims. They claim that the products made from mycelium are pretty much the same as pure leather.

But, to your surprise, there is still a lot to be accomplished in this field. The most essential thing is the customer’s trust. Moreover, there are still questions to be answered regarding mycelium-made products, like how to wash them, how to use them, etc.

Are Mycelium Roots?

Well, it would not entirely be right to call them roots, as there are several differences between roots and mycelia. Let’s play on the safe side. Mycelia are not roots but a root system.

The primary root system/structure of mushrooms, Mycelium, flourishes under the surface and expands their network to a greater extent (several thousands of kilometers).

Mycelium is responsible for making the fruitful bodies of fungi like mushrooms. It is a lesser-known fact that the mushrooms and their root system, mycelium, have been around longer than any other root system.

Scientists estimate that before there were any trees, plants, or flowers, there were mushrooms and mycelia. The plant kingdom took over the earth about 600 to 700 million years ago, but the mushrooms or fungi (in general) have been around for more than 1 billion years.

The mycelium root system has a pretty vital role in the environment, as they break down the essential minerals and nutrients by decaying the materials in which these minerals are present.

Basically, many nutrients are packed in soil and need to be decayed to be absorbed by the plants. So, it is pretty simple to imagine that if it wasn’t for the mycelium/mycelia, plants would have been deprived of their essential needed nutrients.

Everything in the ecosystem is connected with one another. Many plants and other living beings feed on fungi and consider them their primary food source. Mycelium is a vast root system that is responsible for numerous activities.

They don’t need any kind of sunlight or other sources to grow like the plants do (photosynthesis). Mushrooms grow by spreading their spores in the environment. That is how the mycelium root system prospers and expands its existence.

How are Mushroom Roots different than Plant roots?

The relation of plant roots and mycelium (mushroom roots) is known as Mycorrhizae. The primary difference between plant roots and mycelium is their functions, how do they operate, and how plants and fungi benefit from them.

Plant Roots:

Plant roots are the whole plant stands upon. They perform many functions that benefit the plant. The first function of the roots is to keep the plant body attached to the soil at all costs.

Without this attachment, there will not be any growth. These roots penetrate the soil for about 20+ meters to ensure the plants stay firm and robust from external threats (strong winds or heavy rains).

The second function is the absorption of water. The roots penetrate deep into the soil not just to keep the plant standing but also to find the water and moisture in the soil. The soil always has moisture several meters under the surface, and roots dig deep to find that moisture.

The third function is mineral absorption. Not just the water but also the minerals are absorbed by the roots to fulfill the nutrient need of plants. The minerals absorbed by the roots are nitrate, phosphate, and potassium ions.

Controlling the erosion of soil is the fourth function of roots. Strong winds or heavy rains often cause soil erosion (the uppermost layer is displaced by the winds or rains). The roots hold the soil particles altogether to stop them from being displaced by the winds or rains.

And the fifth function of roots is transportation. Once the water and basic nutrients are absorbed from the soil, the plant roots transport them to the upper parts of the plant, like the stem. This way, the food gets transported to entire the plant body.

Mycelium (Mushroom Roots):

Mycelium is an entire root system that is found under the surface of fungi. It operates a bit differently from the plant roots, as it expands to thousands of kilometers underground, unlike roots.

The mushroom roots keep on expanding themselves to find food and minerals and then deliver them back to the fruiting bodies, like mushrooms. The minerals that mycelium looks for are phosphates, nitrates, and potassium ions.

Furthermore, the mycelium root system assists in the decaying of plant material in the soil, so living plants can absorb the nutrients from the soil, and this maneuver also enriches the soil.

Is it possible to eat the roots of Mushrooms?

To be specific, most of them mushroom roots (mycelium/mycelia) are not harmful to humans. But there are some mycelia that you should not think of eating or consuming in any sense.

But if we talk in general terms, there are more benefits of eating or consuming mycelia to human health than drawbacks. You can also grow the mushroom roots for the sole purpose of eating them.

And when you grow them yourselves, you would not have to worry much about them being toxic or harmful to humans. Eating mushroom roots has a great and positive effect on your immune system.

So, to respond to the question directly, it can be concluded that most mushrooms have no severe effect on human health and are pretty safe to eat, with the exception of a few.


We have descriptively talked about the root system of mushrooms (mycelium), their benefits, how are they different from the plant roots, and are mushroom roots safe to eat or not.

Here I am concluding the whole article in these lines. Do Mushrooms have roots? No! They have a root system that is a bit different than plant roots. Are mycelium roots? No! They can’t be classified as roots but as a root system.

Are mushroom roots safe to eat? Yes! Most of the mushroom roots are not only safe but beneficial to eat. Thank you for reading this far.

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